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  • Land-use intensity depiction of grasslands in Germany by using optical satellite data (Sentinel-2) and machine learning methods (see Lange et al 2021). Land-use intensity product includes: (1) Livestock density (livestock units per day and ha); (2) Mowing frequency count; (3) Fertilisation (boolean: 0=no, 1=yes); (4) Field usage (1=mown pasture, 2=pasture, 3=fertilized meadow, 4=meadow, 5=others); (5) Land-use intensity index (see Bluethgen et al 2012); (6) Land-use classes derived from ATKIS data (see BKG 2015); References: [Bluethgen 2012]: Bluethgen, N., Dormann, C.F., Prati, D., Klaus, V.H., Kleinebecker, T., Hoelzel, N., Alt, F., Boch, S., Gockel, S., Hemp, A., Mueller, J., Nieschulze, J., Renner, S.C., Schoening, I., Schumacher, U., Socher, S.A., Wells, K., Birkhofer, K., Buscot, F., Oelmann, Y., Rothenwoehrer, C., Scherber, C., Tscharntke, T., Weiner, C.N., Fischer, M., Kalko, E.K.V., Linsenmair, K.E., Schulze, E., Weisser, W.W., 2012. A quantitative index of land-use intensity in grasslands: Integrating mowing, grazing and fertilization. Basic and Applied Ecology 13, 207–2020. doi:10.1016/j.baae.2012.04.001; [BKG 2015]: Bundesamt für Kartographie und Geodaesie (2015): Digitales Basis-Landschaftsmodell (AAA-Modellierung). GeoBasis-DE. Geodaten der deutschen Landesvermessung. Bundesamt für Kartographie und Geodaesie [Lange 2021]: Lange M, Doktor D (2021): Mapping land-use intensities of grasslands in Germany with machine learning algorithms using Copernicus Sentinel-2 optical satellite data. Remote Sensing of Environment. In preparation;

  • SPOT 5 DIMAP image from investigation area VN 2 (LEGATO), Geometric Processing Level: PRECISION 2A, Resolution: 2.5m, Produced from 2 panchromatic channel (2.5 x 2.5m) and 1 multispectral (near infrared) channel (5.0m x 5.0m)

  • SRTM (Shuttle Radar Topography Mission) CGIAR-CSI (Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research - Consortium for Spatial Information) 90m DEM version 4; LEGATO Sites: VN_4 Projection: Geographic (Lat/Long) projection, with the WGS84 horizontal datum and the EGM96 vertical datum

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    Quantification of grassland land-use intensity and its components livestock density, number of mowing events and fertiliser application using machine learning algorithms and time series of Copernicus Sentinel-2 optical satellite data with 20 m spatial resolution. Land-use intensity was inferred using the index proposed by [Blüthgen 2012]. Input variables (livestock, mowing and fertilisation) were derived from Sentinel-2 optical satellite data using Convolutional Neural Networks trained on data from the DFG Biodiversity Exploratories. More details will be made available soon in [Lange 2021]. Grassland pixels were chosen according to the digital landscape model (DLM) of the official topographic-cartographic information system ATKIS [BKG 2015]. Livestock densities are livestock units (calculated from animal number, species and age) per ha and day and were aggregated into four livestock classes (see [Lange 2021]). Mowing number represents the number of cuts in the respective year. Fertiliser application is given as boolean, fertilised or not fertilised. [Blüthgen 2012]: Blüthgen N, Dormann C, Prati D, Klaus V, Kleinebecker T, Hölzel N, Alt F, Boch S, Gockel S, Andreas H, Müller J, Nieschulze J, Renner S, Schöning I, Schumacher U, Socher S, Wells K, Birkhofer K, Buscot F, Weisser W (2012). A quantitative index of land-use intensity in grasslands: Integrating mowing, grazing and fertilization. Basic and Applied Ecology. 13. 207-220. 10.1016/j.baae.2012.04.001. [Lange 2021]: Lange M, Feilhauer H, Kühn I, Doktor D (2021): Mapping land-use intensities of grasslands in Germany with machine learning and Sentinel-2 time series. Manuscript submitted to Remote Sensing of Environment. [BKG 2015]: BKG (2015): Digitales Basis-Landschaftsmodell (AAA-Modellierung). GeoBasis-DE. Geodaten der deutschen Landesvermessung. Bundesamt für Kartographie und Geodäsie.

  • SRTM (Shuttle Radar Topography Mission) CGIAR-CSI (Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research - Consortium for Spatial Information) 90m DEM version 4; LEGATO Sites: PH_1 Projection: Geographic (Lat/Long) projection, with the WGS84 horizontal datum and the EGM96 vertical datum

  • SPOT 5 DIMAP image from investigation area VN 4 (LEGATO), Geometric Processing Level: PRECISION 2A, Resolution: 2.5m, Produced from 2 panchromatic channel (2.5 x 2.5m) and 1 multispectral (near infrared) channel (5.0m x 5.0m)

  • SPOT 5 DIMAP image from investigation area VN 3 (LEGATO), Geometric Processing Level: PRECISION 2A, Resolution: 2.5m, Produced from 2 panchromatic channel (2.5 x 2.5m) and 1 multispectral (near infrared) channel (5.0m x 5.0m)

  • ASTER GLOBAL DEM image from investigation area VN 1 (LEGATO), Resolution: 1 arc-second, Coordinate System: WGS84

  • SPOT 5 DIMAP image from investigation area VN 1 (LEGATO), Geometric Processing Level: PRECISION 2A, Resolution: 2.5m, Produced from 2 panchromatic channel (2.5 x 2.5m) and 1 multispectral (near infrared) channel (5.0m x 5.0m)

  • ASTER GLOBAL DEM image from investigation area VN 4 (LEGATO), Resolution: 1 arc-second, Coordinate System: WGS84